Foreign exchange, more commonly known as Forex or FX, relates to buying and selling currencies with the purpose of making profit off the changes in their value. As the biggest market in the world by far, larger than the stock market or any other, there is high liquidity in the forex market. Therefore, the forex market attracts many traders, beginners and experienced alike.
Foreign Exchange is the largest and the most liquid market in the World. It turns around 9.5 trillion USD daily and it works 24 hours a day, 5 days a week. Also FX Market has low entry barriers. Unlike stock market, trading fx can be started with as low as 50 USD. On top of this, Forex Market has advanced strongly in terms of the software it has to offer to the retail clients. MetaTrader 4, MetaTrader 5, cTrader and custom platforms add a state-of-art technology into the retail fx trade.
What is Foreign Exchange?
With approximately9.5 trillion USD traded in the market every day, the forex market has the highest liquidity in the world. Basically, this means that one can buy almost any currency he wishes in high volumes while the market is open. The forex market is open 24 hours, 5 days a week – Monday to Friday. Trading begins with the opening of the market in Australia, Asia, Europe to follow and then the USA until the markets close.
The forex market start time during the summer is on Sunday at 9:00pm GMT, and ends at 9:00pm GMT on Friday. In the winter it’s 10:00pm-10:00pm accordingly. That results with currencies being traded at all times, day or night. Unlike some other instruments, where a downfall of the market would leave traders with untradeable assets, the forex market can always find a buyer or a seller.
Currency Pairs :
There are hundreds of currencies in the world, and each has a three letter symbol. American Dollars are USD, Euros are EUR, Swiss Francs are CHF, British Pounds are GBP and onwards to all the currencies.
Currencies are divided into two main sorts – Major currencies and minor ones. The major currencies are derived from the most powerful economies around the globe – the US, Japan, the UK, the Euro Zone, Canada, Australia, Switzerland and New Zealand. Together with the other currencies they create forex pairs.
When going to a store to buy groceries, we need to exchange one valuable asset for another – money for milk, for example. The same goes for trading forex – we buy or sell one currency for the other. The currencies in the pairs are referred to as one against another.
There are three types of forex pairs; Major pairs, Minor pairs and Exotic pairs. The major pairs always involve the USD, and are the most traded ones. The seven major pairs are EURUSD, USDJPY, GBPUSD, USDCAD, USDCHF, AUDUSD and NZDUSD. In the minor pairs the major currencies are traded between each other, excluding the USD. These can be EURGBP, CHFJPY and others. The exotic pairs have one major currency and one minor, such as EURTRY, USDNOK and many more.
Forex Trading Basic Terms :
The most popular pair traded is the Euro vs. the American Dollar, or EURUSD. The currency on the left is called the base currency, and is the one we wish to buy or sell; the one on the right is the secondary currency, and is the one we use to make the transaction. Each pair has two prices – the price for selling the base currency (ask) and a price for buying it (bid). The difference between them is called a spread, and represents the amount brokers charge to open the position. The more a currency is traded, i.e. high volatility, its spreads will be narrower. The rarer the pair is, the wider the spreads will be.
Usually a quote will be presented with four numbers after the dot, for instance 1.2356. In the case of EURUSD it means for every Euro the trader wishes to buy he will have to invest 1.2356 US dollars. Any change in the currency value will usually be seen on the fourth figure after the dot, mainly known as a pip. The spreads, gains and losses will usually be presented in pips.
Some other terms of the online forex trading world are Going long and Going short, which stand respectively for ‘buying’ and ‘selling’. A trader who speculates the market will rise is called a ‘Bullish Trader’, while on the other side stands the ‘Bearish Trader’, who is more on the defensive side. In accordance, the terms ‘Bull Market’ and ‘Bear Market’ are used to describe the way the market goes.
A bull market is on the rise, and a bear market is usually decreasing. Experienced traders will decide their strategy depending on the market trends, and will make sure to follow all relevant events so they can precede the changes in the market and gain profit.
In the past, every trader called his broker and instructed him on actions to be made. Today the trades are done directly by the client on a software, called a trading platform. Many of the platforms are available for computer, internet and mobile. Every trader has his own strategy, and he should find the platform that will enable him to perform it in the best way possible, i.e. that he will feel most comfortable in.
Leverage Trading :
Leveraged trading, or trading on the margin, allows the trader to open larger positions than his own fortune would otherwise allow him. In most forex pairs, the maximum leverage that can be employed is 400:1; meaning that for every400 of worth in the position, the trader will need to invest 1 out of his account. Therefore, if he wishes to buy 10,000 units of EURUSD in the price of 1.2356, instead of paying 12,356 he will pay only 30.89, which is 0.25% of the price, or a 400:1 ratio. It is important to remember that the profits and losses are determined by the position size, and as leverage trading can magnify profits also losses can be enhanced.
What affects the Forex Market?
The forex market has high liquidity, due to an elevated supply and demand rate. Traders apply transactions based on financial events, as well as general events. Naturally, when a currency will be on a high demand, its value will raise comparing to the other currencies, and vice versa.
Financial events are frequent statements by countries, central banks or other financial institutions, on topics such as unemployment rate, manufacture numbers and many more. A decrease in a country’s unemployment rate can indicate that the economy is strong, and this can lead to an increase of the local currency. If it’s a major one it will affect other currencies as well. Before the event takes place traders speculate on its content, and based on these speculations open positions. All the events can be seen and followed on the economic calendar.
Going back to the popular trading pair – the EURUSD. Once logged into the platform the trader will check the ask and bid prices; for the purpose of the example they will be 1.2356 (ask), and 1.2359 (bid). The difference, as noted, is of 3 pips and this will go to the broker.
If the trader believes the Euro will go up he will enter a ‘buy’ command. Then he will be required to select an amount – say 10,000 units. The price for that is12,356, and using leverage it comes to 30.89. If the market responded the way the trader predicted and the Euro rose from 1.2356 to 1.2360 – 4 pips, the trader would have made a profit from this trade.
Key to Success :
If you want to establish your career in forex market you have to maintain some rules and regulations. We promise you can gain more and more from forex. We provide very important some key to success. If you follow this key, off course you will write your success story. So more learn and more earn.
Significance Of Forex Broker Reviews :
Forex brokers reviews are designed to offer an insight into the performance, reliability, and trustworthiness of a broker. And require a significant understanding of how the markets work. Normally, an average trader can only determine the efficiency of a broker by opening an account and trading the markets for a fair amount of time. Such a strategy may not only involve spending a significant amount of time and money, but can also lead to a drop in trader morale if the broker doesn’t live up to expectations.
At Top Rated Forex Brokers, we believe in a fair and unbiased Forex broker rating system. Not only do we showcase the different advantages of a broker, but also concentrate on reviewing the negative aspects of a Forex trading broker. We use our industry-leading Forex review checklist to subject all Forex brokers to a stringent set of quality assessment guidelines. This allows us to provide a fair and reliable representation of the services rendered by a company.
The Best Forex :
Whether your main goal is to find a secure Forex broker or you want to compile a list of all the top rated trading brokers, you need to realize there are way too many brokers in the market. This can prove to be very confusing for beginners. Developing the right skills and building your experience will help you to recognize the really good brokers and sift out the dishonest ones. Which means that once you’ve read a broker review, you’ll be confident you can mitigate the risk to your trading capital and avoid choosing a fraudulent broker. The way to develop such skills is not too difficult. All you need to do is follow our guidelines carefully, and you’ll be ready to register with the best Forex brokers in the world. Here’s a collection of some of the top features and considerations you should be looking for in the best Forex brokers:
Foreign Excange Market are not small sector but worldwide big sector. Currency trading is not so easy, it can be complex. Even seasonal investors are constantly learning to expand their breadth of currency markets. The disparity between currency brokers that provide thorough, high quality education, A good Forex broker is committed to provide top educational materials, teaching and training traders all about the markets and the trading world. Their educational segment constantly develops and is refreshed with new content, as part of their mission to inspire people and expand their horizons, while mastering their trading skills.
Choose Customer Service :
Forex Broker customer service is very important. The scope and quality of support can be a major differentiator across online FX brokerages, ranging from the speed and overall quality of assistance to the availability across global trading hours and international markets. The customer support team should act as your direct connection to the broker. They should be able to effectively communicate with customers during regular market hours, or even during off-market hours such as the weekends and holidays. They are also supposed to respond to you promptly if you have any issues with the financial aspects of their services or their website. Top rated Forex brokers provide 24/7 customer support services so you can always rely on their support team, no matter what time of day it is.
Available execution methods can depend on whether the broker is a principal dealer acting as a market-maker, and/or if they are an agency-only broker relying on third-party dealers (liquidity providers). Other execution methods, policies, conditions, or available order types can vary (including premium or free trade protection tools such as guaranteed stop-loss orders, fill-or-kill or fill with within a maximum deviation range) can vary from broker to broker.
Order Type and Execution:
Some execution methods or order-types may incur negative or positive slippage. This means orders will fill but the fill price could be better or worse than requested. Since each broker is different, some firms may re-quote an order with a new price for you to accept (or reject) in the case the price has changed.
Only choose a regulated broker because there will be several mandatory measures that must be followed to ensure the safety and security of clients. Not all regulatory jurisdictions and licenses are created equal for international forex and CFD Brokers.
These agencies are created by the Government of a particular country or by other specific state authorities, and may act as either independent authorities or as a Government linked agency. For example, Forex brokers located in Cyprus are regulated by CySEC, while FX companies located in other countries such as the UK, the US, and Australia, are regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), the National Futures Association (NFA), and the Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC). Additionally, countries such as the US also have specific FX trading regulatory organizations such as the Commodities and Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), which dictates the rules and guidelines for investing in the markets. These agencies take care of all the licensing aspects of a broker, which is an essential requirement for brokers to be officially listed in their primary market. If a broker or any financial company operates without a license, they may well be a scam broker, or might not be as reliable as the other licensed entities in the market. Make sure your broker has a valid license and suitable regulation from a reliable regulatory organization.
A good Forex broker should have a positive reputation in the market. The reputation of a broker depends on many factors, but mostly on the company’s image and its history with existing customers. A broker is typically owned and backed by an independent financial provider, and if the parent company is not especially known for its reliability, you’ll eventually see a lot of negative opinions expressed about its trading services. However, a company’s online image is not the only thing you need to consider. There are hundreds of online review websites where the rating charts can be tampered with and manipulated according to the writer’s whims and fantasies. However, many of these ratings may be submitted by real traders, who are existing or past customers of specific trading platforms. Or by anonymous reviewers who wish to discuss the pros and cons of a particular service in open forums. Review forums may also contain ratings and discussions performed by experts (that may include paid reviewers), who have the necessary qualities and experience to comment on the official performance of the various trading websites.
Company Policies and History:
As part of every investors due diligence process, steps to help ensure account security should include verifying a firm’s regulatory licenses and its legal obligations in safeguarding client monies. It's also important to review the customer agreements, read up on the company's history, and make sure their primary offices are located in a well-respected country, if not your own.
Types Of Forex Trading Accounts :
The Forex market caters to the needs of a global community of traders, with access to varying amounts of trading capital. Not all traders are endowed with a large amount of trading capital. Which is one of the reasons why Forex brokers now offer different types of trading account to suit the varying levels of investment by clients. Some brokers offer a trading account for as little as1 initial deposit. Most mainstream Forex brokers, on the other hand, mandate a minimum capital requirement that ranges between 100 and 500. ECN/STP Forex brokers may increase the minimum capital requirements further, requiring traders to invest at least 1000, but there are brokers that offer DMA accounts for 100 or less. The accounts can also be classified according to the tradable lots, which may include Micro accounts and Standard accounts. Micro accounts give the freedom to start trading from 0.01 lots with high leverage. Standard accounts typically involve trading contracts that start from 0.1 lots and considerably lower leverage than Micro accounts.
Forex Trading Platforms :
Which platforms and trading tools are available for the products you are considering? Are compatible with your web browser, computer operating system, or mobile smartphone, or any other devices you are planning to use for trading? If the broker uses unreliable and complex trading software, there’s a good chance it will be ignored by most traders, especially beginners. Of course, the main priority for an experienced and professional trader is to check the reliability of the trading software before actually opening a live trading account. Usually, a broker’s platform would be powered by some of the most innovative and leading software products like MetaTrader, cTrader, TradingStation, JForex, and other leading third-party trading solutions. However, this is not the only factor to bear in mind. Today, most traders prefer to choose from an array of different trading platforms.
It’s always important to determine which markets or individual trading products (currency pair or stock symbol) you want to trade, then check to make sure they are offered. Also check to make sure the products you want to trade are available in your region. The Forex market allows a trader to invest in virtually any currency pair in the world. There are more than 150 widely traded currencies in the world, and each currency can be pegged against another currency, which is then floated freely in the market. The buying and selling of currency pairs ensures there is sufficient volatility in the market, which is taken advantage of by short-term traders and investors. In other cases, brokers may offer a comprehensive range of financial assets, including stocks, bonds, and indices, to take the total count to more than 10,000 instruments through a single trading account. Therefore, always consider your investment strategies and risk-appetite, before choosing a Forex brokerage firm and investing in the different financial assets.
Trading Costs :
For forex trading, spreads and any round-turn commissions will make up the all-in cost to complete (open/close) each trade. The same generally applies to CFDs, in terms of bid/ask spreads plus any per trade commission. The top rated Forex brokers are those that offer the lowest spreads and commissions in the industry. Average spreads can fluctuate between 1 pips to 5 pips on the major currency pairs, while ECN Forex brokers may offer raw spreads starting from 0 pips. ECN/STP Forex brokers often charge additional trading fees known as commission (due to the lowered spread from direct market access trading), which can hover between2 and 20 per lot traded. Other trading costs may include fees for SWAPs, deposits/withdrawals, account management costs, and subscription costs for allied products and services.
FX Analysis and Global Market Research:
Available research tools for scanning, analyzing, and overall conducting technical and fundamental analysis will vary from broker to broker. See section, “FX Research” below.
Payment Methods :
Offering a choice in the variety of payment methods, along with great ease, convenience, and security of payments, is often seen as a good quality for a broker. The efficiency and reliability of a broker’s payment methods will affect both your investments and your profits. Withdrawal is the process of taking out your money (including deposits, profits, and bonuses) from your trading account. Bear in mind that different brokers have their own requirements for making a withdrawal. Payments via debit or credit card, as well as via bank wire transfer are common and can be found as a default payment option with any broker. But most traders today prefer to use electronic payment systems like PayPal, Neteller, WebMoney, Skrill, Bitcoins, etc. The leading Forex brokers in the industry realize the benefits of offering online payment processors, especially since a vast majority of traders opt for e-wallets and online payment systems for making their payments.
Forex Bonuses :
We mention this because there are many new brokers in the industry that have a bad reputation for scamming new clients. And it is done by offering giant bonuses in order to attract more sign-ups. Stringent trading/account conditions are then imposed to prevent clients from making a withdrawal. The same thing happens when the broker begins losing its reputation and tries to hold on to its current audience.
Brokers may also provide attractive bonuses as well as resorting to paying reviewers to remove the negative feedback that is prevalent in online forums. Forex trading companies usually provide some exclusive promotions without mentioning all the cons of accepting such types of bonuses.
Success Story :
For some reason, it is a common opinion that trading in foreign exchange markets is, like chess, mainly a male business. However, this is not at all the case, and women, with their perseverance and patience, can quite often give a hundred points to the odds to the "strong" half. The results that a trader from Thailand has recently showed, can serve as an example: she has managed to increase her deposit by 70 times in less than a month.
Miss Sarinya is 35 years old, she lives in Northern Thailand in Chiangrai Province, where she sells bags and all kinds of fashion accessories. And as she said, in order to have some additional income, a few years ago she decided to take up Forex.
"I did not finish any special training courses," says Sarinya, "I studied, receiving information from all sorts of online resources. I am still not very strong at technical analysis, I am just used to do her best always and in everything, and to bring the matter to the result. I tried many different trading strategies, sometimes I lost, sometimes I earned. As a result, I developed my own method - just trade, set a profit target, and stop when you start losing money."
- I have no passion for money, as I do not strive to make a lot of money quickly. I do not at all expect to become a millionaire with the help of Forex," - Sarinya smiles. - As I said, I just want to have extra earnings.- And you are great at this: just in a few weeks’ time, having started from 35, to turn them into 2500 is an outstanding result, frankly speaking.
- Yes, I learned about NordFX from the partner of this company - Miss Tip. At first, I got used to the platform, and then I began to trade.- And what are your impressions?
- Everything is fine, including withdrawing funds: - all goes quickly and without problems.- As far as we know, you do not use expert advisors, you trade on your own, "manually". But such a trade takes a lot of time. What do your family and friends think about this?
"Well, since I'm making money, they do not mind me doing this."- If it's not a secret, having received 2500 from NordFX, how will you spend it? Will you have a big family dinner, go shopping or spend the money on anything else?
"I'll spend it on something else," Sarinya smiles again. - Simply put, I will use it for further trading on Forex.- And the last question: what advice do you have for beginning traders?
- Nothing special. One just needs to learn more and trade more.